Many homeowners choose to plant their lawn with seed instead of laying sod. And it is not only because seed is so much less expensive than sod. Seed offers lawn owners a wide variety of options. You can choose a shade-loving variety for a shady lawn, a sun-loving variety for a sunny one, and a drought-loving variety for a neglected one. But no matter what seed you use, invest in quality seed to ensure that you enjoy season after season of healthy, lush grass.
Remove any weeds, patches of grass and other yard debris in the area that you plan to seed. When removing plants, dig up and remove their existing root systems. If your lawn is covered in weeds, consider using an organic herbicide to get rid of them.
Spread a 1-inch layer of aged compost over the area to be seeded.
Apply an organic pre-sowing lawn fertilizer according to the manufacturer's instructions for your lawn size and type.
Till the soil. The quickest and most effective way to do this is with a rented rotary tiller. The soil should be tilled to a depth of 3-4 inches.
Rake the soil so that it is level, and remove any unearthed rocks, roots or solid clumps of dirt.
Use a lawn roller to tamp down the soil. Or, if your lawn is small, simply walk over it.
Hand broadcast the grass seed over your lawn. The packaging instructions will tell you how many seeds you should plant per square meter. To help ensure that you hand broadcast the correct amount, mark off roughly a square meter of your lawn, measure the correct amount of seed and then broadcast it in that area before moving on to the next.
Rake the grass seed into your lawn. Then, use a lawn roller to tamp the soil.
Water your lawn frequently and consistently. The idea is to keep the grass constantly moist--not to soak it. You may need to water the grass several times a day to make sure the seed is moist enough. Continue this watering regimen until the grass reaches 1 inch in height.