Herbs are a great addition to any garden, but what many people may not realize is that you can just as easily grow them indoors. They just need to proper amount of sunshine and drainage to thrive, and they fit perfectly on a windowsill or sunny corner of your home. Growing your own herbs means that you can use them in beverages, cooking, desserts, fresh butter and cheese.
Pick a selection of herbs to grow that are well-known, ideal for cooking and simple to grow. It is smart to pick a variety of different scents and colors, especially if you are growing herbs for the aesthetic value. Popular varieties include regular, Thai or sweet basil; Italian parsley; garlic, chives; oregano; rosemary; cilantro; purple sage; and thyme. Purchase them as grown plants from a local nursery or gardening center.
Transplant the herbs to containers that have adequate drainage in the bottom of them with draining trays. You can also leave the herbs in the containers they come in, but usually these are smaller and herbs need more room to spread and thrive. Add a small layer of rocks or pebbles over the holes so the water filters through but not the soil, helping the plants receive nutrients more adequately.
Use a good-quality potting soil when planting the herbs specified for indoor herbs, and then add about 20 percent perlite before planting to make the soil lighter and fluffier.
Set the herb pots on a large planting tray, or you can position the herbs in different sunny windows throughout your house separately. The key is that they need to be in an area where they will get about six hours of sunlight per day. In the winter season when there is less sunlight, use indoor fluorescent lights.
Water your herbs whenever the soil feels moderately dry. Since they will be growing indoors, plants will have the harshness of air conditioning and indoor heating, so in the winter, mist them with water from a spray bottle. In the summer, keep them out of the direct path of air conditioning flow.
Fertilize the herbs every five or six weeks with an indoor plant fertilizer, in the spring, summer and fall seasons.