Local nursery and garden centers generally contain basic herbs, such as basil, oregano and sometimes mint and chives. For medicinal herbs or a greater variation of culinary herbs, you will need to grow your own plants. Starting herb seeds indoors is a fairly easy project.
Fill the peat pots with potting soil to ¼ inch from the top. Later, you can plant the whole peat pot into a larger container.
Place the filled peat pots into a flat, non-pourous tray. Pour enough water into the bottom of the tray to reach from ½ to 1 inch over the bottom of the pots. Leave the peat pots overnight, to soak up the water.
Plant your herb seeds. Make a hole for each seed that's three times as deep as the seed is long.
Drop the seed in the hole and gently push the soil over it. Mark each pot so you know which herb seeds are planted where.
Lightly mist the tops of the soil with a spray bottle. Cover the tray, loosely, with a piece of clear plastic wrap. Mist the soil once a day. Pour more water in the tray when the peat pots feel light in weight.
Place the tray in a sunny window on the west or south side of your house. After the seeds germinate (sprout through the soil), remove the clear plastic wrap. Continue to water the herbs seedlings by adding water to the tray.
Transplant the seedlings when they are 2 to 3 inches tall. Create an herb garden in your yard or plant the herbs in larger containers.