Common Lawn Treatments

Establishing and maintaining a healthy lush lawn requires your attention periodically. Keep a thriving lawn part of your landscape through preventing weeds from invading, providing essential nutrients for growth and ensuring a good growing environment for the root system. Accomplish these using common lawn treatments when needed and your grass will flourish.

Weed Treatment

Lawns overtaken with weeds, such as crabgrass or dandelions, necessitate a weed treatment. Identify the type of weed growing first. Contact your local extension office or garden center, if you need assistance identifying problem weeds and for advice on what to do. Treatment will vary depending on the specific weed, but an herbicide of some type will cure the problem. Proper timing in applying the herbicide is crucial in this treatment. Obtainable in preemergence (applied before weed germination), postemergence (applied to growing weeds) and nonselective (kills all plants) types for specific weeds, herbicides will rid your lawn of this problem when properly applied. Follow the directions and guidelines found on the herbicide label.

Nutrient Treatment

Providing a regular fertilizer treatment will assist in preventing most common problems associated with lawns. Fertilizers ensure that strong grass grows, which eliminates most weeds and diseases from ever existing. Know your exact grass type, since fertilizers and times of applications vary for different grasses. Cool season grasses like rye, bluegrass and fescue require treatment with fertilizer three times a year in September, November and May. Warm season grasses like Bermuda, St. Augustine, Bahia and Zoysia call for fertilizer treatments only in the middle of May and July. Evenly spread fertilizer on dry lawn according to directions, followed with thorough watering.

Aerating Lawn Treatment

Growing healthy grass roots requires loose soil conditions that allow trouble-free air and water circulation around roots. This treatment will ensure that the fertilizers used on the lawn reach the roots of the grass. Lawns will eventually get compacted soil that restricts this movement, affecting the overall condition of the grass. Frequently used areas may compact quicker, but eventually all locations do. You can aerate either manually or with machinery; either small sections (plugs or cores) of the soil are removed with hollow tines, or holes are made in the soil with spikes. Perform this treatment during growing periods, on a wet lawn and prior to applying fertilizer. For best results, do this treatment at least 1 month before the end of the growing season of your specific grass type.

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