How to Design a Small Flower Garden


Small garden spaces have limits but allow the gardener to hone in on the details of the space while choosing only their favorite flowers. With small gardens, you can easily prune and maintain the space. Using containers throughout the space allows you to fully control and easily change out the flowers from season to season. If you don't like the plant or it dies back or becomes diseased, you can easily correct the situation without affecting the surrounding garden plants.

Step 1

Research the flowers' ideal growing environment to help determine where and if they can be planted in your flower garden. Always observe the garden area to determine the amount of sunlight and shade the garden receives on a daily basis. Create a framework for your garden to help narrow down the list of plants.

Step 2

Draw up a blueprint of your design to help guide you through the process. Blueprints allow you to make quick and easy changes in the plan as you go along and prevent a lot of unnecessary digging.

Step 3

Start at the back of the garden bed and work your way forward. Begin by planting perennials. Perennials come back each year, fuller and hardier. Choose flowers that begin their blooming period in the spring. This will ensure blooms throughout the growing season.

Step 4

Plant bulbs that come back every year and add color to a small garden. Crocuses and daffodils exude beauty with their bold colors and will add variety to a small flowerbed.

Step 5

Fill in spaces with annuals such as pansies. Short-lived yet essential, annuals are perfect for filling in empty spaces in your small garden. Add them to containers that can be easily moved throughout the space.

Step 6

Experiment with containers in your small space. Easily controlled and moved to their ideal sunny or shady spot, containers let the gardener decide what to grow and can be changed out depending upon the season and design.

Step 7

Create a focal point in your space. Scale it down to fit the garden size so as to not overwhelm the garden. Dwarfed conifers and maple trees can utilize a small space while creating a stunning focal point in your garden.

Things You'll Need

  • Plants
  • Containers


  • University of Illinois Extension: Spring Flowering Bulbs
  • My Home Ideas: Small-Space Container Gardens
  • North Carolina State University Department of Horticultural Science: Annual Flowers
Keywords: small garden, flower garden, small spaces

About this Author

Callie Barber is a writer and photographer in North Carolina. Her work has appeared in Forbes and Automotive News magazine. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in international studies from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.