Winterizing rose bushes every fall will help protect them during the cold winter months. In spring, the bushes will be ready to start growing and blooming if you properly take care of your rose bushes for the winter. There are things that you must do to promote new growth in the spring; if you don't the rose bushes will not have the start that they need to grow and flourish.
Prune the rose bushes back to about six inches above ground. Make precise cuts and don't rip at the branches. Note: Climbing rose bushes and tea cup rose bushes are not pruned but require a different technique found in steps 4 and 5.
Add mulch and compost around the base of the rose bushes. This done for climbing rose bushes as well. Make sure that the compost and mulch forms a mound over the base of the plant. This will help keep the ground and soil from getting too cold and damaging the roots.
Use a burlap bag to cover the rose bush and secure with a rope. Tie the bag off around the base of the rose bush where the compost and mulch is laid. This will protect the stems from the harsh winds and snow.
Dig up tea roses carefully with a shovel making sure not to disturb the roots. Once the roots are bare, place the burlap bag over the roots and secure. Place in a cool basement until spring. Another way to protect the tea rose bushes is to dig out the soil on one side and carefully lay the bush down in the hole and cover with mulch and compost for the winter. Place a burlap bag over the entire plant and secure with a rope.
Remove the stalks of climbing roses from the lattice. Wrap the stalks in burlap and tie the stalk bag to the lattice. Make sure that the burlap covers the stalks all the way to the base of the plant where the mulch and compost covers the ground.