Pohutukawa Tree Facts


Pohutukawa trees--scientific name "Metrosideros excelsa"--are a member of the myrtle family and are often nicknamed the New Zealand Christmas tree because they put on a striking flower display around the holiday season.

Native Range

Pohutukawa trees are native to most of New Zealand but have spread around the Southern hemisphere. In some places they are considered invasive.


These trees prefer areas that do not receive frost at night, usually around the coastlines of New Zealand. They have adapted the ability to deal with salt mist and can grow in craggy rocks along the shoreline.


Flowering occurs from November to February. The major flower features are the long stamens which are usually red--but yellow, pink and apricot colored variations have been recorded.


Mature trees growing in fertile soil can reach 65-feet-high and 115 feet across the crown. The large canopy is supported by numerous trunks and aerial roots that sprout from the branches.

Landscape Uses

Because of their size, pohutukawa trees are only suitable for large open areas. The roots are known to invade basements and even squeeze between joints of underground water pipes so they should be planted well away from buildings and utilities.


  • Pohutukawa Fact Sheet
  • Pohutukawa Trees
  • Pohutukawa Tree

Who Can Help

  • Project Crimson
Keywords: New Zealand Christmas tree, New Zealand myrtle, salt tolerant tree

About this Author

Brian Albert has been in the publishing industry since 1999. He is an expert in horticulture, with a focus on aquatics and tropical plants like orchids. He has successfully run an aquatic plant business for the last five years. Albert's writing experience includes the Greater Portland Aquarium Society newsletter and politics coverage for a variety of online journals.