Monstera plant, also known as Swiss cheese plant or Monstera deliciosa, is a perennial vine native to tropical regions in Central and South America. It is commonly grown for its ornamental foliage, which is dark green in color and covered in oblong-shaped holes. Monstera blooms during the summer, though plants grown indoors are less likely to bloom. Monstera plants require only routine maintenance to grow healthy and happy.
Keep monstera in a location that receives four to six hours of indirect sunlight each day. Keep the average temperature between 65 and 70 degrees F at all times. Use a standard well-drained potting soil as the growing medium for monstera plants.
Water monstera plant once per week during the spring, summer and fall months. Reduce frequency to once per month during winter, when the plant is in its dormant phase. Never allow the soil to dry out completely between applications.
Use a spray bottle to mist the foliage of monstera once per day to emulate the humidity of its natural habitat. Use a clean, damp cloth to wipe down the leaves once per month to remove dust and any pests.
Feed monstera plants with a liquid fertilizer once per month during summer, starting in June. Do not fertilize during spring, fall or winter. Follow the directions provided on the package for proper application and dosage.
Cut off the top of monstera plant as it grows too large. The plant can grow up to 40 feet in height without proper pruning. Transplant monstera into a slightly larger container once every two years to accommodate the growth of the root system.