Lime fruit trees are native to Asia and grow naturally in tropical climates. They are not very cold hardy, and typically grow well in zones 9 to 11, meaning most lime fruit trees cannot stand temperatures lower than 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Lime fruit trees are small and bush-like evergreens that come in many varieties, from the key lime to the Tahiti lime. Planting a lime fruit tree is similar to planting other citrus fruit trees. Plant the lime fruit tree in the fall to allow the tree time to adjust to planting before summer.
Choose a variety of lime fruit tree to plant in your yard--one that will grow well in your climate.
Choose a spot in your yard to plant the lime fruit tree. The tree needs full sun and lots of warmth. Plant the lime fruit tree on the south side of a building if possible. The lime fruit tree also needs well-drained soil. If your soil does not drain well, improve the drainage by adding equal parts sand and organic material, such as compost or aged manure, to your soil.
Dig a hole for the lime fruit tree 1 or 2 inches shallower than the root ball and two to three times as wide. You do not need to plant the lime fruit tree level with the ground.
Wash off 2 to 3 inches of soil around the root ball of the lime fruit tree. Doing so allows the lime fruit tree's roots to make contact with the surrounding soil quickly and establish itself.
Place the lime fruit tree in the hole. Make sure the root ball is above the soil level by 1 or 2 inches. Fill the hole with soil, patting the soil down firmly every few inches until the hole is half filled.
Water the lime fruit tree. Fill the hole with 3 to 4 inches of water and allow it to soak into the soil.
Finish filling the hole with soil, patting it down every few inches to keep any air pockets from surrounding the lime fruit tree's roots.
Cover the exposed root ball with soil and pat down firmly. Water the lime fruit tree for five to 10 minutes.