Raspberries are a vitamin-packed fruit, one which is best grown at home in order to savor the delicate, easily damaged berries while they are fresh and unblemished. The fruits may be red, black, purple or gold. The plants may be very early to late ripeners or everbearing and there are over 200 species from which to choose.
Select a variety which thrives in your hardiness zone, as raspberries can be planted in zones 3 to 10, but only certain types will be able to withstand the extreme conditions of the northern locations.
Choose an area where raspberries will flourish. Ideally, raspberries like full sun, well-drained soil and sandy loam with lots of organic material or compost. The plants can tolerate other conditions and will grow in shade and in wet areas, but may not necessarily thrive or produce well.
Avoid old garden spaces that have held peppers, potatoes, eggplant or tomatoes within the past four years. Avoid planting near wild raspberry plants. Verticillium root rot is common to these plants and raspberries are very susceptible.
Dig a hole approximately 1-foot deep and 1-foot wide. Make a small mound of dirt in the center. Place the main stem atop the mound. Adjust the mound height until the cane is 1 inch deeper than its previous planting depth. Arrange the roots so that they extend over the mound, out away from the main stem. Check that they are not tangled together or smashed.
Add half a shovel of compost and then fill in the hole with dirt. Keep the roots moist before, during and after planting. Leave a small dip near where the main stem protrudes to trap extra water. Cut the canes down, leaving 4 to 6 inches of cane visible.
Continue planting, allowing 2.5 to 3 feet of spacing between plants as, once canes form, the bush will spread to fill the area between. Space rows 7 to 12 feet apart.
Propagate new plants by simply bending the tip of a cane down into contact with the soil. Cover it with a small mound of dirt or lay a weight across the cane so that it is kept in contact with the ground. Roots will form and the cane can be cut from the original plant in the spring. Save money by starting with a small number of plants and using this method to expand your plantings.