The mango is a tropical plant that can be found all over the world but is native to India. It is often referred to as a "super fruit" because of the brilliant color, juice, flavor and fragrance. The mango tree can reach heights of nearly 100 feet and the oldest trees are still producing fruit at 300 years old. It is also used in many different recipes and makes a common decoration at weddings and luaus. Mangoes are typically easy to grow once they are planted into the soil.
Choose a ripe mango in the grocery store for eating. It is best that you choose a polyembryonic variety of seed. What this means is that the seed that you choose will come grow several identical trees. Ask your grocer what types of mangoes they are in order to find out this information. If you cannot figure out what type of seed you have you can still plant them.
Remove as much of the meat from the seed after it has been eaten as possible. Set the seed in a sunny, warm location and allow it to dry completely. Drying should only take a day or two.
Germinate the mango seed by placing it in a warm, humid place. Allow the seed to sprout and cut off all of the shoots except for one. Instead of choosing the longest and largest shoot, choose the smallest one because it will produce the sweetest fruit. Mangoes have several individual seeds inside the larger one. You can split the large seed open and plant the smaller seeds if you want to plant more than one tree from each seed.
Dig a hole to plant your mango seed. It should be large enough to fully accommodate the seed while allowing the shoot to reach through the soil. The depth of the soil on top of the seed should be around two inches. Pour water into the hole on top of the seed before covering it with soil. The seed should be planted in the summer time when it will be exposed to the hot, wet months.
Apply a two to four inch layer of mulch on top of the soil. The mulch will keep the ground moist and will discourage weeds.
Fertilize the mango plants twice a year. Apply a 10-10-10 fertilizer once in the early spring and again in late summer. Follow the directions on the container of fertilizer for best results.
Prune the center of the mango trees when they begin getting too crowded. The fruit will need to get plenty of sunlight, as it grows so thin out the branches as it is needed.