Growing grapevines is a rewarding hobby for any gardener. They are beautiful when grown over a pergola and produce fruit for many years. It is relatively easy to take cuttings from established plants in late winter or early spring. If you can find a protected area of your garden, plant new grapevines in the same area where your final vines will be located. This reduces the stress on the plant and increases your chance of success.
Collect dormant vines in December or January. Choose the largest stems from the current year's growth and cut off a branch with four or five nodes. Be sure a bud is visible on the top node.
Dip the end of the cutting into a rooting hormone. Follow the directions on the label for "easy-to-root plants."
Prepare the soil. Whether growing outdoors or in a greenhouse, grapevines like nutrient-rich soil full of organic material. Mix rich potting soil and/or compost with 25 percent perlite for best results.
Plant the cutting. Bury the bottom three nodes in the soil mixture and allow the upper one or two buds to show above the ground. Make sure the cutting is planted right side up by finding a scar (from where the leaf was growing) below the top bud.
Water your cuttings. Keep the soil moist with regular watering but do not allow the plant to sit in standing water.
Place in sunlight. New grapevines grow best with at least six hours of sunlight a day.