How to Plant Evergreens

Overview

Evergreens are plants, trees or shrubs that provide year-round color and beauty without dropping leaves in the winter. These are especially popular in colder regions, where the landscape looks barren as the plantation goes dormant. Evergreens, as their name signifies, add color to the particular spot in which they are planted. Besides green, many new varieties of evergreens have been introduced that are silver, pink, brown and golden as well. Plant several evergreens together and you will be guaranteed color all year round in your patio or garden.

How to Plant Evergreens

Step 1

Select an appropriate location for planting evergreens. Make sure the location has good sun and well-drained soil; otherwise your plants will develop root rot and die. Fall is generally a good time to plant evergreen plants because they are in their dormant phase.

Step 2

Select a large and wide container if you want to plant your evergreens indoors. Drill adequate drainage holes in the bottom if the container lacks these, line with lava rocks to improve drainage and fill it with soil less potting mix.

Step 3

Purchase several young evergreen plants from your local nursery, such as money plants, junipers, boxwood shrubs, and others that appeal to you. There are many varieties in cone, globe and pyramid shapes, and some low spreading ones that are available in lightweight plastic containers. Keep in mind the space available, because some evergreens can grow several feet high when they mature.

Step 4

Dig a hole in the ground with a shovel that is twice as wide as the size of the nursery container, and a few inches deeper. Collect the removed soil in a wheelbarrow.

Step 5

Mix a few handfuls of slow release fertilizer or cow manure in the soil in the wheelbarrow with a stick.

Step 6

Carefully remove the evergreen from the container. If it is hard to remove, gently roll it on the ground for one complete rotation to loosen its grip and release it. Place it carefully in the center of the hole and spread its roots to encourage them to spread and grow. If it sits too low in the hole, lift the evergreen and add some soil under it to bring it in level with the surrounding soil.

Step 7

Backfill the hole with soil and gently tamp it down to remove any gaps.

Step 8

Water the evergreen to ensure the soil is evenly moist. Water it daily for the first month, and then cut down watering to every other day. To test if the evergreen needs water, dig your finger two inches deep into the hole to see how it feels. You need to water the plant if your finger comes out dry.

Step 9

Apply a layer of mulch around the surface to retain moisture and prevent weeds from growing there.

Tips and Warnings

  • Avoid fertilizing healthy evergreens that exhibit good growth rate and leaf color to prevent damaging their roots. However, apply a fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen and phosphorous to those plants that have yellowing leaves and poor growth rate.

Things You'll Need

  • Container
  • Drilling machine
  • Soilless potting mix
  • Evergreens
  • Shovel
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Stick
  • Slow release fertilizer
  • Garden hose
  • Mulch

References

  • Choosing Landscape Evergreens
  • Evergreen Shrubs
  • Evergreen Tree Planting Instructions
Keywords: evergreen plants, plant evergreens, evergreen trees

About this Author

Tanya Khan is a freelance author and consultant, having written hundreds of thousands of words for various online and print sources. She has an MBA in Marketing but her passion lies in giving her words wings.