Blackcurrant is a berry-producing bush with aromatic leaves that yield 12 to 14 pounds of fruit each year. With proper care, the bush will produce fruit for 15 or more years. Blackcurrant bushes grow best if planted in the fall or early spring. Even though they are self pollinators, cross-pollination will occur and increase fruit production when two or more bushes are planted together.
Purchase plant stock from a nursery or gardening center that is at least two years old.
Prepare the soil by clearing the planting area of weeds. Eliminate nearby plants that may be competition for available sunlight and water.
Dig a hole that is the same depth as the container that holds the stock. Add enough compost to the bottom of the hole to raise the bush two inches above ground level. Place the plant in the hole, fill the hole with soil and gently pack the soil in place. Space plants five to six feet apart.
Remove all weak or broken shoots. Trim remaining shoots so they have three buds remaining.
Water the blackcurrant plants immediately after planting to promote root growth. Continue to water the plants when rainfall is less than one inch per week, as blackcurrant roots grow close to the ground.
Mulch plants each spring, after the first year of growth, by applying a thick layer of compost. This practice will assist with moisture retention, prevent weed growth and add nutrients to the soil. Use wood-chip mulch if plants are growing hardy and do not require additional nutrients for growth.
Prune blackcurrant bushes after the berry production is complete. Cut back shoots that are three or more years old, as fruit production is heavier on young shoots. Remove broken branches and those that are growing close to the ground.
Propagate plants by taking cuttings of young shoots in the fall when foliage begins to turn brown. Cut each shoot just under the bud, making sure the length is at least 10 inches.
Plant the propagated shoot by digging a hole that is six inches deep. Set the shoot so that three to four buds are below the ground. Fill the hole with a mixture of soil and a handful of bone meal. Water the soil generously and apply compost around the propagated shoots.