How to Plant Legumes


Legumes are a part of the plant family that includes peas, beans and peanuts. They are a sun-loving vegetable that can be grown vertically as well as in a row. The benefit of having legumes in the garden is they add the much needed nitrogen other plants use during the growing season. During harvest, legumes yield an abundant crop and are easily stored for winter food preparation.

Step 1

Mark out a row in the garden about two weeks before the last frost date. Do this by positioning one stake in the ground and stringing a line to another stake at the other end. If you are going to grow the legumes vertically, make the stakes about 4 feet long.

Step 2

Plant the seeds about 6 inches apart at a depth of 1/2 to 1 inch deep. A good way to measure and plant is to stick your index finger into the soil to the first knuckle.

Step 3

Place two or three seeds into the holes and cover loosely with the soil. There is no need to pack the soil down because the soil will compact when the legumes are watered.

Step 4

Water the legumes every two or three days until they start to sprout. After the first true leaves have formed, thin the plants to one plant per hole. The legumes will bush out and need plenty of room to grow.

Step 5

Maintain a watering regiment of at least once a week during the growing cycle. As the legumes grow taller, run strings between the end stakes and train the growing plants to vine up the string if you are using the vertical growing method. Inspect the string and tighten or replace it if it becomes worn or broken.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden spade
  • Watering can or hose
  • String and poles for trellis growth (optional)


  • Legume Family
  • Forage Legumes
Keywords: planting legumes, raising legumes, growing legumes

About this Author

JulieAnn is a freelance writer from Ohio. She has been writing poetry and short stories for 30 years. Recently JulieAnn has written a variety of e-books and numerous articles on gardening, small business, and farming. JulieAnn is currently enrolled at Kent State University completing her Bachelor's degree in English.