How to Start a Plum Tree

Overview

Plums are a popular, tasty and healthy fruit that can be grown in a variety climates. Plum trees are difficult to grow from cuttings, so you should attempt to start them with seeds. Check with your local greenhouse or garden supply store to ask about which types are best for your area.

Step 1

Find an area with well-drained soil that has humus to retain moisture for the plum tree. Plum seeds are best planted between November and March.

Step 2

Check the pH level of the soil with a pH strip. The soil should be acidic with lime added to it. Alkaline soil is not hospitable to plum trees.

Step 3

Remove the pulp from the fruit and gather several plum pits.

Step 4

Get several seeds so you have a better chance of getting one to grow. The plum pit needs to be planted outside in the winter in order to germinate.

Step 5

Get some peat moss and set the seeds on the moistened moss in the crisper part of your refrigerator for three months, if you have enough time before the ground freezes.

Step 6

Plant the pits about 4 inches deep. Do this before the ground freezes in the fall, and your seeds should start to grow faster.

Step 7

Check the seeds from time to time to see if they have begun to sprout. This is called stratification, and it can help your seed to germinate up to a year faster than if you plant it directly in the ground.

Tips and Warnings

  • Fungus-related problems can effect plum trees such as plum pockets and Tapheina pruni. This causes air-filled pockets to appear along with the fruit. Plums can also have problems with insects and worms. Lime sulfer and dormant oil can help with infestation problems. Nitrogen fertilizer is not necessary for plum trees initially, since they survive fine in soil that is low in nitrogen. However, fertilizer should be added when the plum tree starts growing plums.

Things You'll Need

  • Plum seed
  • Peat moss

References

  • Questions on Plum
  • Growing Plum Trees
Keywords: dry area, plum seed, peat moss, plum pits, plum trees

About this Author

Charles Pearson has written as a freelancer for two years. He has a B.S. in Literature from Purdue University Calumet and is currently working on his M.A. He has written three ebooks so far: Karate You Can Teach Your Kids, Macadamia Growing Handout and The Raw Food Diet.