There are generally two ways of growing grass in your yard--by sowing seeds or planting sod. While growing grass by seed takes longer, it is cheaper and you can do so according to the conditions in your yard. There are several types of grass seeds available in nurseries. Sow warm season grasses such as zoysia grass and Bermuda grass in early spring and cool season grasses such as fine fescues and perennial ryegrass in fall. You do not have to hire a professional gardener to prepare the area and plant grass seeds. Doing it yourself is a fulfilling task that will ensure a lush green lawn if cared for properly.
How to Grow Grass from Seeds
Prepare the site for planting by removing any burnt or dried grass, sod or weeds along with their roots, rocks or debris with a flat-bladed shovel. Collect them in a wheelbarrow and dispose.
Rent a tiller to break up 3 inches of compacted soil from the planting site to aerate it. This will also help break large clods into smaller manageable pieces.
Place a sample of the soil in a container and send it to your local garden center for a pH test. Most grasses require a pH level that is between 6.0 and 7.0. Amend the soil by adding sulfur to lower the pH, or adding lime to raise it.
Mix equal amounts of phosphorus-rich fertilizer and compost in a large bucket and spread the mix over the soil to provide it with essential nutrients. Till the area once again to make sure the nutrients are thoroughly mixed into the soil.
Purchase quality seeds from your local nursery or garden supply center for a thick and green growth.
Spread grass seeds over the area by hand, roughly using 4 lbs. of seed per 1000 square feet of lawn.
Rake the area lightly or cover the seeds with hand to ensure they go a quarter inch into the soil. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of mulch to prevent birds from eating them, to retain moisture and to prevent competing weeds from growing there. Mulching is especially important on sloped area to prevent grass seeds from being washed away by heavy rains.
Water the delicate seeds gently, at least twice a day for the first three weeks, once in early morning and again in late evening, avoiding the heat of the sun. Do not create pools of water, but make sure the soil is evenly moist. The seeds will germinate in 10 days to two weeks.
Reduce the frequency of watering as the grass grows, watering it once every two days two months after sowing seeds. Also follow label instructions to apply fertilizer six weeks after germination.