Although the aloe vera is desert plant, it can be grown indoors in just about any climate. Pot up an aloe plant and then place it in a window that receives plenty of daylight. Keep the plant out of direct sunlight, however, to ensure that the sun does not burn its leaves. If you provide an aloe plant with the proper amount of water and fertilizer during the growing season, it will thrive and grow into a large, lovely houseplant.
Choose a container that is wide instead of deep because the roots of the aloe vera plant grow out more than down.
Fill the container approximately halfway with cactus mix and set the aloe plant into the container. Add more soil around the roots and firm the soil carefully around the plant so that it sits upright.
Add a thin layer of gravel on top of the soil to give the container an attractive look and help the soil retain moisture.
Provide a small amount of water two or three days after planting the aloe plant. While the new aloe plant becomes established, give it a small amount of water approximately once a week.
Place the aloe plant where it will receive a lot of light but where the sun will not shine directly on its leaves.
Give water to an established aloe plant twice a month from April to October. Reduce the watering to once a month from November to March.
Fertilize the aloe plant twice a month from April to September. Combine the fertilizer with water at one-fifth the mixture strength recommended on the package label.
Watch for new "pups" to form around the base of healthy aloe plants. These baby aloes will eventually grow large enough to be separated from the parent plant. When the pup has a substantial root system, transplant it carefully to its own container, following the same method described in steps 1 through 4.