How to Design a Container Vegetable Garden


Planting your own vegetable garden provides you with a variety of your favorite fresh, nutrient-packed vegetables for the picking. You can opt to grow organically as well and save money while boosting your family's health and helping the environment at the same time. Even if you do not have a large yard or much outdoor space, you can plan a veggie garden using compact, portable containers. Before you start, create a design that will provide a functional and effective container garden.

Step 1

Look at your own refrigerator and decide which vegetables your family enjoys most. Select vegetables that do not require a great deal of space. For example, leafy greens, such as lettuce and spinach, peas and carrots will be much easier to grow in containers than corn or potatoes, which need a large amount of space. Herbs are another great option.

Step 2

Research each one to determine how many containers you will need as well as the sizes of the containers. Take into account the best width of the containers as well as the required depth. For example, if you plan to grow carrots you will need a pot that is 12-14 inches deep, whereas a container that is six-inches deep and six-inches wide would be sufficient for a single head of lettuce.

Step 3

Conserve space by planting two types of vegetables in one container. As you design your garden, think of ways you can expand it by planting companion vegetables such as pole beans, which you can train to grow up a post or small trellis, with carrots or peas.

Step 4

Arrange the containers so that all of the vegetables will receive adequate sunshine. If you are designing a container garden in a window or on your patio, this may mean placing smaller vegetables in front of larger ones so that the bigger plants do not cover the littler ones with too much shade.

Step 5

Assemble pots so that larger, heavier ones are closest to the water source. If you should need to move the pots to irrigate them it will be easiest if the biggest containers are nearest to the hose, sink or other source of water.


  • Container Vegetable Garden
  • Companion Planting
Keywords: kitchen garden, indoor gardening, growing vegetables

About this Author

Tricia Goss has been a freelance writer and editor for more than a decade. She has been published in "The Dollar Stretcher," "Good News Tucson," and Goss specializes in computer technology and is certified in several Microsoft Office applications. Aside from tech articles, Goss is passionate about helping readers save money as well as offering home and personal care tips.