Information on Rose Plants

Overview

Roses are a traditional symbol of love. The United States, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, England, Iran, Iraq and many other countries have named the rose their national flower. In the U.S., the rose is the state flower of New York and Iowa.

History

Heliogabalus, emperor of Rome (218-222), who was famous for inventing the cult of the Syrian sun god, Elagabal, actually suffocated his guests at one of his banquets with rose petals.

Types

Some of the most popular varieties of roses, throughout their history, are hybrid tea roses with large blooms; floribunda roses with multiple blooms; grandiflora roses with multiple clusters of blooms; old fashioned or heirloom roses, which existed before 1867; and climbing roses, which require a trellis to grow on.

Diseases

The most serious fungus disease of the rose is "black spot." This disease affects all species of roses. This disease causes black roundish spots on leaves, causing them to drop prematurely.

Maintenance

Roses require at least 1 inch of water per week. In hot conditions, 1 1/2 inches of water is needed.

Benefits

Attar, an oil from rose petals, is used to make toilet water and perfumes. The fruits of some rose plants, called the hips, are sometimes used in jellies and other foods.

Advice

At the first sign of black spot, mix 2 tsp. baking soda and a few drops of liquid soap with one gallon of water every 4-5 days.

References

  • National Flowers
  • Roses in History
  • Types of Roses

Who Can Help

  • Health Benefits of Rose Hips
  • Rose Rosa Centifolia
Keywords: roses, rose maintanence, black spot, rose hips

About this Author

Living in a small town in Georgia all of her life, Sherry Shinholster has been writing health-related and gardening articles for various websites since 2009. She has more than 20 years of gardening experience and has completed a medical transcription course.