There are many different cultivars of chile pepper, but most of them need similar-type nutrients, water and sun to survive. The chile pepper is of the Solanaceae family and can grow up to 5 feet in height. Most bloom in the early summer and the fruit is ready by mid- to late-summer.
The chile pepper has medium to dark green leaves and is an evergreen plant. It most cultivars produce yellow or white flowers. It grows well in hardiness zones 8 to 11 and does not have an AHS Heat Zone attached to it.
Chile peppers are used in many different foods to add flavor. Chile pepper cultivars range from mild to ultra-hot flavors. If you want a specific taste to a dish, add chile peppers. Both mild and hot chile peppers are used often in Mexican and Tex Mex dishes.
Chile peppers grow in anything from partial sun to full sun. Some of the different cultivars may need more sun than others. When purchasing chile pepper seeds, read the back of the package of the particular cultivar for sun requirements. If you are trying to grow chile peppers from seeds from peppers you bought, plant them in partial sun; they should get full sun up to 6 hours per day.
Test the soil for nutrients and pH level with a soil test kit, found at most big-box home and garden stores. The pH range needs to be 5.5 to 7.5. All nutrients should be present in the soil. Fertilize the peppers with a good, all around vegetable fertilizer, unless the soil is low on a particular nutrient. If the soil is low on any one nutrient, use a fertilizer based with the low nutrient. If you prefer, you can also use organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion.
Water chile peppers once per week with at least an inch of water. Watering deeply is much preferred too many weekly shallow waterings. Shallow watering promotes shallow root growth and unhealthy plants. When plants are unhealthy, they are more prone to fungus, pests and viruses.