Fresh herbs are an ideal addition to any garden, especially if it is the garden of someone who loves to cook with them. Even if you don't have an outdoor garden, it is fairly easy to grow herbs indoor on a windowsill right in your kitchen or a room in your house. Growing your own herbs means that you can used them in beverages, cooking, desserts, fresh butter and cheese. The key is proper sunlight and drainage while growing them indoors.
Decide what type of herbs you want to grow. Some common popular varieties that are easy to grow include sweet basil, parsley, chives, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme.
Plant the herbs in containers that have adequate drainage. Make sure there are small holes on the bottom of the container, then add a small layer of pebbles over the holes so the water filters through but not the soil.
Use a good quality potting soil when planting the herbs, then add about 20 percent perlite before planting to make the soil lighter.
Place your herbs that are in containers in a large planting tray, or you can position the herbs in different sunny windows throughout your house. Just make sure the herbs are in a sunny window, preferably facing south or east. They need to have at least 6 hours of sunlight. In the winter season when there is less sunlight, use fluorescent lights if necessary.
Water your indoor herb garden when the soil in the containers feels dry. In the winter season, mist the plants weekly as dry air from indoor heating can dry them out. Make sure not to overwater the plants, so only water them when the soil feels dry.
Fertilize each herb every 4-6 weeks with a liquid or dry indoor plant food fertilizer. Do not fertilize in the winter season. Do not use insecticides or pesticides on or around your plants.
Trim back your herbs with pruning scissors as necessary from the indoor herb garden. If they get too bushy or large, trim them back and dry out the herbs by hanging them upside down on a wall until dry, then add to an airtight container. Or, you can harvest them and use them immediately. Herbs keep in the refrigerator, sealed in a plastic bag, for up to 1 1/2 weeks.