Roses are a perennial flower that grows in bush, vine or tree form and available in most colors. It is best to plant roses in the spring after there is no threat of frost. Plant roses after the hot months of July and August in climates that remain hot year round. Roses require a lot of water, which is why a well drained soil is important to prevent pooling around the stem and branches.
Find a location that has a well drained soil and receives at least 6 hours of sun each day. Dig a large hole that at least 18 inches wide or deep as a rose bush needs room for root placement and growth. Add compost to the hole to assist with water drainage.
Roses prefer a soil that has a pH of 6.5 to 6.8. The pH can be verified through the use of a home pH test kit. Add lime to the soil to increase the pH number and ground rock sulfur to lower the pH number.
Remove the rose bush from the container. Examine the root structure and trim broken or dead roots with a small hand pruner.
Create a cone of soil at the bottom of the hole by mounding top soil. Place the rose bush roots over the cone, allowing them to spread out evenly. Dig the hole wider if it is not wide enough to accomplish this.
Verify the rose bush is at the proper depth for planting. The knot just below the three strong root shoots should be placed at a depth that is once inch below the soil surface. Add additional soil to the cone mound to raise the plant if necessary.
Fill the hole around the rose bush roots and gently pack the soil in place. Water the roots by filling the remaining hole space with water. Allow the water to soak into the ground. Fill the remaining hole with soil and gently pack in place.
Prune the rose to approximately 6 to 8 inches in length after planting. Spray the pruned tips with pruning paint to prevent the introduction of disease or insects.
Water rose bushes at the ground level so the ground is always moist, but not wet with puddles. Monitor rose bushes regularly to prevent insect and disease in the bushes. Treat insect infestations immediately with insecticide spray.