How to Grow Banana Plants


The banana plant is a tropical plant known for its slender yellow fruit. Although it resembles a tree, it is not one, for the tall plant has no bough or woody trunk. It typically grows between 8 and 30 feet in height. It does not do well in areas that experience frost. They prefer warm to hot weather. Fruit growth occurs at temperatures between 84 and 86 degrees F. Cooler weather can prevent the plant from bearing fruit, or ultimately kill the plant.

Step 1

Choose an area for planting where there is full sunshine, although the plant will tolerate light shade. The plant should be situated away from buildings, power lines and other trees. If planting as a sunscreen, you can plant within 10 feet of a building.

Step 2

Plan to space small-stature or dwarf banana plants 20 feet from other plants, or at least 8 feet from other small-stature or dwarf banana plants. Large banana plants should be spaced 12 feet from each other.

Step 3

Dig a hole three times the diameter and depth as the container the banana plant came in from the nursery.

Step 4

Remove the banana plant from its container and set in the hole. The soil level of the container should be slightly higher than the level of the ground soil

Step 5

Fill in the hole by backfilling with the soil you've removed. Gently tap the roots to remove air pockets.

Step 6

Water the plant thoroughly. For normal growth and production, plan to water with 4 to 6 inches of water monthly. While banana plants are sensitive to drought, they do not tolerate soggy soil.

Tips and Warnings

  • Don't use wire or nylon to stake the plant. Use cotton or natural fiber if staking is necessary.

Things You'll Need

  • Banana plant
  • Shovel
  • Fertilizer (optional)


  • "Banana Growing in the Florida Home Landscape"; University of Florida; Jonathan H. Crane, et. al.
Keywords: banana bush, banana tree, growing bananas

About this Author

Ann Johnson has been a freelance writer since 1995. She previously served as the editor of a community magazine in Southern California and was also an active real-estate agent, specializing in commercial and residential properties. She has a Bachelor of Arts in communications from California State University, Fullerton.