The banana plant is a tropical plant known for its slender yellow fruit. Although it resembles a tree, it is not one, for the tall plant has no bough or woody trunk. It typically grows between 8 and 30 feet in height. It does not do well in areas that experience frost. They prefer warm to hot weather. Fruit growth occurs at temperatures between 84 and 86 degrees F. Cooler weather can prevent the plant from bearing fruit, or ultimately kill the plant.
Choose an area for planting where there is full sunshine, although the plant will tolerate light shade. The plant should be situated away from buildings, power lines and other trees. If planting as a sunscreen, you can plant within 10 feet of a building.
Plan to space small-stature or dwarf banana plants 20 feet from other plants, or at least 8 feet from other small-stature or dwarf banana plants. Large banana plants should be spaced 12 feet from each other.
Dig a hole three times the diameter and depth as the container the banana plant came in from the nursery.
Remove the banana plant from its container and set in the hole. The soil level of the container should be slightly higher than the level of the ground soil
Fill in the hole by backfilling with the soil you've removed. Gently tap the roots to remove air pockets.
Water the plant thoroughly. For normal growth and production, plan to water with 4 to 6 inches of water monthly. While banana plants are sensitive to drought, they do not tolerate soggy soil.