Bartlett pears are among the most recognized and popular pear varieties in the United States. They are good for eating raw and their firm flesh makes them excellent for cooking and canning. The trees require little space and care to produce a generous crop. Plant Bartlett pear trees about 15 feet from other trees or power lines.
Purchase a Bartlett pear tree from a reputable nursery. Choose a 1-year-old tree that is 2 to 4 feet in height and at least a half inch in trunk diameter.
Choose a site with plenty of sun and good drainage. Remove grass and weeds from the area. Test the soil pH and add lime if needed to raise the pH to 6.5.
Plant Bartlett pear trees in the early spring while the tree is still dormant, or in the late fall. Dig a hole that is large enough to accommodate the root spread. Remove any attached labels or hang tags. Soak bare-root trees in water for one hour. Remove potted trees from the pot. Trim off broken or injured roots.
Spread out the roots in the hole and backfill the hole with topsoil. Adjust the height of the tree so that it is planted at the same depth as it was originally grown. Fill the hole two-thirds full, then water well. Finish filling the hole and tamp down firmly. Water again.
Keep the area around the tree free from weeds or grass, especially until the tree is established. Organic mulch or plastic helps suppress weeds, if desired.
Fertilize the tree after 2 to 3 weeks. Spread 1 cup of 10-10-10 fertilizer around the tree, about 1 1/2 to 2 feet from the trunk.