Azaleas, known as "the royalty of the garden," have thousands of varieties. Although these beauties are in the rhododendron family, azalea leaves are thinner, softer and more pointed than those of the standard rhododendron. These flowers are not difficult to pot, if you follow a few tips.
Repot your azalea plant after all the blooms have fallen off. Most likely, you have received your azalea plant from a garden center, nursery or florist. Repotting your plant into a more aesthetic pot, any sooner, will cause the blooms to fall off prematurely. This will usually be in early spring or early fall.
Choose a pot that is shallow, as the azalea root system is shallow. Ask for an azalea pot at your local garden center.
Scatter a layer of stones or florist marbles over the bottom of the pot, including the drainage hole. This will assure that your azalea's roots are well-drained and not kept in a puddle of water at the bottom of the pot.
Fill the pot to 1/4 to 1/2 inch from the top with an acid soil, preferred by azaleas, leaving room for the current soil and roots. You can purchase a pH (potential of hydrogen) soil tester at your local garden center. The soil used should have a pH reading of around 5.5. You can also purchase commercial soils with different pH levels at larger garden centers. You may also add iron sulfate and sulfur to ordinary potting soil. Mix a small batch and retest the soil.
Remove the current pot and place the roots and soil into the newly prepared pot. Work additional prepared soil around the sides, to secure the plant.
Water the plant with an acidic water solution of 1/8- to 1/4-cup vinegar to a gallon of water.