Bermuda grass is a hardy, resilient perennial grass that primarily thrives in tropic, sub-tropic and various transition zones, though newer cold-resistant varieties are quickly making it a favorite of lawn lovers everywhere. Even though you can just toss out a few handfuls of seed onto any old patch of dirt and it will likely begin to fitfully grow, if you are looking for a rich, lush lawn, a little more work and preparation will be required.
Clear the area of existing plant life. When planting Bermuda grass, you don't want it to have to compete with other vegetation for nutrients, water or sunlight, so it is often best to simply get rid of what is there and start with a clean slate. To do this it is generally necessary to use a herbicide to kill the existing plant life.
Break up the soil. For smaller plots, a hoe will suffice, but if you are looking at planting your Bermuda seed in a larger area, you will likely want to use a tiller to cultivate the area. Turning the soil in this way makes for a better planting base, encourages water and root penetration and brings up any dormant seeds from previous plants that might still pose a bit of competition for your new lawn.
Encourage weed growth. This may sound a bit odd, but you will want to water the freshly cultivated plot to actually get the seeds that you turned up to start growing. Allow the unwanted seeds to germinate and grow for about two weeks before treating them with herbicide to eliminate them permanently.
Check the soil temperature. Being that Bermuda grass tends to be fond of warmer weather, it is best to have the ground temperature between 65 degrees and 75 degrees F when you get ready to actually plant. If the ground temperature is hotter than that, the soil is generally too dry; if it's colder, then the soil is usually too hard.
Drag a rake across the ground just before planting. Don't dig in deep with the rake--just enough to break up the soil a little bit so that the seeds have a chance to set in firmly.
Seed the plot with the Bermuda grass seeds. Evenly shower the area with lots of seeds, as it is better to use too much than too little. Once you have the area well seeded, drag a rake lightly along the plot once again to mix the seed in with the soil.
Water as needed and watch for new Bermuda grass that should begin to show in two to three weeks from the time of planting.