The Copper beech tree, also known as the European beech tree or by the scientic name Fagus sylvatica, is from the Fagaceae family. It is native to Europe.
This slow-growing deciduous tree has a short trunk and broad shape. It will grow 50 to 60 feet tall and can be 50 feet wide. The tree flowers April to May.
The copper beech needs acidic, well-drained, moist soil with full sun. It will need pruning in early summer or fall. You can transplant this beech during its dormant season.
European beech has dark green glossy leaves that are 2 to 4 inches long with a width of 2 inches. In fall they will turn a reddish-bronze color, greatly enhancing the autumn landscape.
The copper beech can have pests and bark disease (beech canker and grey mould being two examples). Grass won't grow well underneath these trees and they tend to sucker. Its fruits, which drop onto the ground, can get a little messy for those who like a pristine lawn.
This tree is typically used for golf courses or parks. Home use is as a hedge, lawn tree, or for a wide open space.
Copper beech is propagated by cuttings or via seed sown into the ground.
copper beech, European beech, Fagus sylvatica
About this Author
T.M. Samuels has been a freelance writer since 1993. She has published works in "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living" and "Mature Years," and is the author of a gardening book. Samuels studied pre-medicine at Berry College.