Bougainvillea Plant Information


Bougainvilleas are evergreen vines in regions that do not experience frost. They are recognized for being a profusely blooming vine, which can achieve heights of up to 30 feet, depending on the variety.

Bougainvillea image by Image by, courtesy of Thai Jasmine


The Bougainvillea is an indigenous plant to Brazil, Peru and Argentina. It was originally discovered in Brazil by Louis Antoine de Bougainville, a French admiral, in the mid-18th century.


Bougainvilleas come in many vibrant colors, such as apricot, magenta, yellow, purple, pink and red. The Bougainvillea is a dense, thickly leaved, shrubby vine which is known for having many sharp thorns that grow in abundance on all stems of the plant.

Growing Bougainvilleas

Bougainvilleas love sun and need at least 5 to 6 hours of light every day. They can be grown in hanging baskets, on trellises or as hedges. They prefer high-phosphorus fertilizer and lots of water.


The "Barbara Karst" Bougainvillea appears crimson blue in the shade, red in the sun. It prefers to be grown as a climbing Bougainvillea since it can reach heights of 20 to 30 feet. The "Elizabeth Angus" is glossy leaved and has neon-purple flowers. It can be grown in a hanging basket since it generally only reaches 6 to 10 feet in height. The "Lady Baring" is a tall-growing (to 30 feet) Bougainvillea with apricot/orange blossoms. It can be grown as either a shrub or on a trellis.

Fun Facts

According to Bougainvillea Growers International, the Bougainvillea is the official flower of the California cities of San Clemente, Camarillo and Laguna Niguel.


  • Information on the Bougainvillea
  • The Bougainvillea
  • Official City Flower

Who Can Help

  • Bougainvillea Growers International
Keywords: bougainvillea, tropical flowers, flowering vines

About this Author

Katelyn Lynn has been writing health and wellness articles since 2007. Her work appears on various websites. Lynn is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular medicine and preventative modalities. She is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in health sciences from TUI University and has extensive experience in botany and horticulture.