How to Grow Green Peppers From Seeds


Just imagine eating green peppers grown and hand picked from your own garden. Enjoy fresh, bold, crisp flavor that store-bought peppers lack. Selected often to grow in home gardens, green peppers will thrive when properly planted and cared for. Growing green pepper plants from seeds requires you to begin about one month before the last yearly frost. Watch the seeds grow into seedlings and mature into thriving pepper-producing plants.

Step 1

Use a hand trowel to fill pots or starter trays with growing soil. Make a ¼-inch deep hole with a gloved finger in the soil.

Step 2

Place a seed in the hole. Cover the seed loosely with soil and add water.

Step 3

Cover with a dome or plastic wrap to retain soil moisture. Keep the area damp and covered until the the seedlings appear.

Step 4

Apply a fertilizer such as 10-10-10 or 15-15-15 to green pepper seedlings. Prepare the soil outside for planting, which will occur when then plants reach more than four inches in height.

Step 5

Choose an area that receives at least six hours of full sun. Provide enough room to space the green pepper plants one to 1½ feet apart. Clear away any rocks, roots or other debris with rake or hoe.

Step 6

Cultivate the soil to a depth of eight to 10 inches. Use a shovel to add organic matter, such as rotted hay, peat moss and/or compost, and mix with a rototiller or hand tools.

Step 7

Work two tablespoons of fertilizer per plant into the area of each planting. Use a hand trowel to dig a hole three to four inches deep.

Step 8

Gently remove the green pepper plant from its container and place in a hole. Add soil around the plant as needed. Pack the soil lightly to remove any air pockets.

Step 9

Water the plants. Continue to water as required to prevent the plants from becoming dry or wilting. If rainfall is insufficient, provide approximately one inch of water.

Step 10

Keep weeds clear of the the green pepper plants. Hand pull the weeds near the plants and/or use a hoe carefully to remove any weeds further away from the plant.

Step 11

Add two tablespoons of fertilizer around each plant as the green peppers start to grow. Stay six inches away from plant and water.

Step 12

Harvest the peppers at your discretion. Fully mature green peppers are more than three inches long and effortlessly break away from plant.

Things You'll Need

  • Starter tray or pots
  • Domes or plastic wrap
  • Soil
  • Hand trowel
  • Gloves
  • Shovel
  • Rake
  • Hoe
  • Rototiller (optional)
  • Fertilizer
  • Organic matter


  • Texas A&M AgriLIFE Extension: Easy Gardening...Peppers
  • University of Illinois Extension: Peppers
  • Growing Peppers: Growing Peppers From Seed
Keywords: Growing green pepper plants, green pepper seedlings, pepper seeds

About this Author

Diane Dilov-Schultheis has been writing professionally since 2000. She is a food and travel writer who also specializes in gaming, satellites, RV repair, gardening, finances and electronics. She is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists and has been published online at the Travel Channel and Intel.