Peonies: beautiful, full, old-fashioned flowers you might have found in your grandmother's garden. Their sweet-spicy fragrance is lovely and the blooms make great indoor arrangements. In summertime, you can find peony bushes covered in blooms in colors from white to hot pink. If you're lucky enough to get a gardener friend to give you some peony roots, find a sunny spot and plant these. You'll be glad you did.
Find a sunny location with well-drained soil. Peonies will grow in partial shade, but they really don't thrive and bloom as well as in sunny locations, according to Richard Jauron with the Iowa State University's Department of Horticulture.
Dig a hole that will allow you to put the entire peony root below the soil, with the tip just 1 to 2 inches below the soil surface.
Place the peony root in the hole and cover with a rich potting soil. Pat the soil down firmly around the root. Work in a plant fertilizer according to package directions if you'd like to boost the growth.
Water thoroughly after planting; the soil should be very moist.
Expect little or no blooming in the first year of growth. According to Jauron, it's a good idea to pinch off any blooms that do appear the first year to encourage root growth as the plant establishes itself.