Pomegranates are a popular fruit because they are rich in antioxidants, visually appealing and a tasty addition to any bowl of fruit. They are sold in health drinks and other beverages because of their nutritional content and tart flavor. In addition to the juicy, red fruit, the small, round trees bear attractive scarlet tube-shaped flowers and are a nice addition to the garden or patio. They are relatively small, ornamental and require little care.
Purchase a pomegranate tree cutting. Pomegranate trees are usually started with tree cuttings purchased from your local greenhouse. It is possible to grow them with seeds, but it is usually better and easier to buy cuttings.
Dig a small hole in the ground and plant the cutting three inches into the soil in a sunny area. Water this area immediately.
Water new plants every few days, and after they begin to grow you can reduce watering to about once every two weeks. You will know to stop watering when the plant starts to increase in size. Thoroughly soak the soil since the water will need to penetrate deeply into the roots.
Fertilize the tree two or three times a year, though less fertilizer is needed in later years. You should fertilize them once they begin to grow, and then in the early spring, and at the beginning and end of summer.
Encourage the plant to develop new shoots by pruning, especially in the first three years. Begin to prune your plants when they are about two feet high. This will encourage more fruit growth as soon as they begin to bear fruit. The flowers and fruits will grow on the new shoots, so it's important to keep trimming them to encourage more growth. Once they have begun to bear fruit, you only need to trim branches that are dead or damaged. The fruit should be harvested when it makes a metallic sound when you tap it. The fruits keep well if refrigerated.
Introduce more than one pomegranate trees if you want these trees to produce healthy new trees. The flowers self-pollinate, but they do better when cross-pollinated by the hummingbirds they attract. Space pomegranate trees about 20 feet apart.