The jade plant has fat, fleshy, oval leaves that resemble the stone, jade. The leaves are often trimmed in red. The plant is succulent, growing in arid conditions and requiring little water. Older jade plants can grow to the size of the small shrub with a substantial trunk and thick branches. Jade plants are easy to grow and require little attention. It's also easy to propagate jade plants from cuttings, which easily produce tiny plantlets around the edge of the cutting.
Starting Your Jade Plant
Select a healthy leaf from the parent plant and remove it at the base of its stem by making a slanted cut using a sharp knife. Ensure that at least one inch of the stem remains. Allow the leaf to dry for several days.
Mix equal amounts of potting soil and sand and fill a small pot with the mixture. Water to moisten the soil.
Press the leaf down, flatly, into the soil mixture so that the edges of the leaf are barely below the surface.
Spray the leaf lightly with water so that the soil becomes damp but not wet.
Place the pot in a medium-sized, zip-top plastic bag and seal it. Water as needed to keep the soil damp.
Watch for growth within the next week or two. Tiny leaves will form around the edge of the cutting. As these tiny plantlets grow, they will put roots out into the soil.
Remove each plantlet from the parent leaf when there are about half an inch tall and plant it in its own pot.