Bamboo is a fast-growing and dense plant. It's an ornamental grass, but a very large one; the clumping bamboo can grow up to 50 feet tall. For privacy, create a line or a grove of bamboo that will quickly fill in and give you a protected outdoor living space.
Choose a location that will create maximum privacy when the bamboo is full-grown. Clumping bamboo can reach up to 50 feet in height when mature..
Plan your planting strategy. You can create a hedge by planting clumps of bamboo in a straight line, or you can create a thick grove by grouping clusters together in a circular pattern. A hedge works well for privacy between houses and on property lines. A grove works well when you need to block sound as well as sight.
Purchase enough clusters of bamboo to sufficiently fill in the area where you need privacy. Clumping bamboo spreads but at a rate of a few inches per year, so you want to have enough to create a filled-in look but with enough room for the bamboo to spread. Plan on one 5-gallon cluster of bamboo every 2-3 feet.
Prepare the soil. Dig a hole for every cluster of bamboo. Make the hole as deep as the bamboo cluster and about twice as wide.
Prepare a soil and compost mix. Mix compost and potting soil in a 1:1 ratio. Put as much of this mix into each hole while still leaving room for the bamboo clump.
Gently loosen the bamboo clump from the pot it came in and set into the hole. Cover the roots with the compost-soil mix and pat gently.
Water each planted clump thoroughly.
Check every 2-3 days and water if the soil is dry.