Even during the winter months, it is possible to enhance your landscape by planting shrubs. With careful selection, precise digging and a good maintenance program, you can successfully plant shrubs so that they will survive the cold months and then watch them thrive in the warm months to follow.
Choose shrubs that are native to your area, as they are more likely to grow well. Pay close attention to the color of the shrub's leaves, looking for good color and leaf form. Inspect the shrub's root system, if it is not covered, and look for roots that appear damaged.
Choose an area rich in native soil. A properly-balanced location will not need any soil amendments. However, if the location is heavy with gravel, it may be necessary to add peat or compost to provide a proper growing environment.
Dig a planting hole that is wide and shallow, allowing room for roots to grow. The planting hole should be three times as wide as the shrub's root balls. Expose the root ball if it is covered with burlap, then firmly place the specimen into the hole. Provide plenty of loose soil for root balls to expand. Remember that roots grow outward. Fill the planting hole with native soil, being careful to remove air pockets.
Apply mulch and begin a watering regimen. If the planting site is in a particularly dry area, receiving less than an inch of rain per week, use a soaking hose to water the area. Wait until the spring to apply fertilizer.