Pineapple is the common name for a species of tropical plant and the fruit it produces. Pineapples typically grow to about 4 feet in height and are grown for ornamental value and for the sweet, edible fruit. Pineapples are native to tropical climates, and must be given special care to thrive and produce fruit. They can, however, be grown most anywhere indoors if provided with ideal conditions. Grow pineapple plants outdoors in zones 10 to11 only.
Plant pineapples in a potting medium made of two parts potting soil and one part organic compost to provide additional fertility and drainage. Choose a location that receives full sunlight during the morning and partial shade during the afternoon. A sunny, east-facing window is ideal for indoor growing.
Keep pineapple plants between 65 and 75 degrees F at all times. Place a thermometer near indoor plants to ensure the temperature stays within the recommended range. Move the pineapple plant into a sunny window if the area gets too cold or to a cool garage if the area gets too hot.
Water twice per week during spring, summer and fall. Apply all water directly to the soil so the roots can quickly absorb it. Reduce watering to once per week during winter. Increase frequency of watering if the foliage begins to brown around the tips.
Feed pineapple plants once every two months using a liquid house plant fertilizer for indoor plants or a liquid garden fertilizer for outdoor plants. Apply the fertilizer to the soil and the leaves around the base of the plant. Follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer for proper dosage.
Harvest pineapples by simply picking the fruit from the stem when the shell of the fruit is gold in color. The pineapple will weigh between 2 and 4 lbs. when ripe and ready to be picked. Store at room temperature for up to one week until ready to consume.