Bermuda grass is a hard-wearing and traffic-tolerant warm season turf grass that is easily established by seeding and will readily reseed on its own each year. Bermuda grass can also be overseeded with a second varietal of grass that is a cool season species in order to maintain a year-round green lawn. As with seeding any new turf, preparation of the seed bed and early watering maintenance is key to the health and long-term performance of the lawn. Sow Bermuda grass seed in the spring after the last frost has passed.
Prepare a well-tilled seed bed by using a shovel to churn and loosen the soil to a minimum depth of at least 8 inches. Remove any rocks, hard clumps of clay or soil, plant roots, twigs or any other debris that you find.
Amend the soil with well-aged manure, compost and granular lawn starter fertilizer. Rake these into the soil to combine and distribute the amendments evenly throughout the top 4 to 6 inches of soil. Use the amount of lawn starter fertilizer recommended for your area of coverage on the package label. When well incorporated, rake the soil down to a relatively level and smooth surface.
Sow Bermuda grass seed from a walking spreader or by hand casting to cover the area at the rate and density prescribed on the Bermuda grass seed bag label. Rake through the seed and top inch or 2 of soil lightly to nestle the seed into the dirt without completely covering it up, as it will need some sunlight to germinate.
Water the freshly sown Bermuda seed generously so that the soil is saturated. Use an adjustable hose nozzle on a gentle rain or mist setting so you do not disturb the seed. Water daily or twice a day if needed to keep the soil evenly moist at all times through the germination and root establishment period, which is up to six weeks.