Variegated bamboo is a beautiful addition to your yard's landscaping. However, in some areas, like the Pacific Northwest and warmer areas, bamboo can propagate via underground runners or rhizomes and can become invasive. By preparing the planting to limit the bamboo's growth, you can create anything from a simple round bamboo growth to a larger bamboo screen.
Choose a location for your new bamboo planting. Bamboo grows naturally in forests, and young bamboo often do better in a partially shaded location.
Dig a hole slightly larger than the eventual desired size of the bamboo planting in the spring. Bamboo are an invasive plant, so you will need to place a barrier to prevent the bamboo from growing beyond the desired area. The hole will need to be at least 30 inches deep.
Line the hole with at least 60 mil plastic and place dirt over the liner. In some cases, you may be able to use a plastic garbage can or pail for your barrier. Remember to cut the bottom out and to set the can or pail at least 30 inches deep.
Compact the soil that contacts the barrier to discourage rhizome growth. Avoid air pockets or loose areas of soil next to the barrier.
Back fill the hole to the appropriate height for your new bamboo. Your new plant should sit just beneath the surface of the adjacent ground.
Place your un-potted new bamboo in the ground. If you are planting a series to form a screen, plant them three to five feet apart.
Fill in the area around your bamboo until you have about a foot between the soil level in the planting and the adjacent soil.
Add some high-nitrogen fertilizer. Follow the fertilizer's general planting directions. Don't fertilize below the top foot or so of the planting to discourage rhizomes from burrowing under your barrier.
Fill in the rest of the planting and add an inch or two of mulch. Almost any organic mulch will do, but natural grasses will help augment the soil and keep the bamboo healthy.