Information on the Rose Plant

Overview

As long as humankind has lived on this earth, so too have roses. Fossil evidence shows the rose plant living in the world 35 million years ago. It appears that cultivation of roses began about 5,000 years ago in China.

Roses have a long, colorful history. image by "White Bloom" is Copyrighted by Flickr user: bbjee (B Balaji) under the Creative Commons Attribution license.

Perennials

Roses are woody-stemmed perennials that can bloom year in and year out with proper care.

Hybrid tea roses are ideal for cut flower arrangements. image by "Red, White, Rose / Rojo, Blanco, Rosa" is Copyrighted by Flickr user: pasotraspaso (Jesus Solana) under the Creative Commons Attribution license.

Hybrid Tea Roses

Many kinds of rose plants exist, with hybrid tea roses---each stem crowned by one showy bloom---being the best known. Hybrid tea rosebushes grow from 3 to 7 feet tall.

Floribunda

Floribunda roses are a cross between hybrid teas and polyanthas, which means "many flowered." Floribundas possess the color range of hybrid teas while blooming in clusters like polyantha roses.

Grandiflora

Grandiflora roses are a cross between floribunda and hybrid tea roses. Grandifloras are large plants that grow as tall as 10 feet.

Pruning

Prune dead canes from rose plants in early spring. New roses grow on new wood, so pruning must be judicious.

Considerations

Roses prefer full sun with an eastern exposure and well-drained soil. Water a few times a week in the morning.

References

  • A Garden of Your Own; Michael O'Brien; 1993
  • The History of Roses; University of Illinois Extension

Who Can Help

  • American Rose Society
Keywords: rose plants, rose information, rose hybrids

About this Author

Sophie Johnson is a freelance writer and editor of both print and film media. A freelancer for more than 20 years, Johnson has had the opportunity to cover topics ranging from construction to music to celebrity interviews.