The coneflower, also known as Black Sampson or echinacea, is a member of the Compositae, or daisy, family. The coneflower is indigenous to North America where it's considered an annual.
The coneflower can achieve heights of 3 to 4 feet. It is a sturdy plant that has slender, hairy leaves with 4-inch-wide, pink, purple, yellow, white or red flowers, which sit on prickly stems that are approximately 8 to 12 inches long.
In the 1900s, Native Americans used coneflower for its antiseptic properties, and up until the 1930s, European settlers procured the use of coneflower as a natural antibiotic.
Grow Coneflowers in a sunny area with good drainage. They are bushy plants, so space plants approximately 1 to 3 feet apart. Coneflowers are drought-tolerant plants but do require weekly watering in more arid regions.
Echinacea purpurea (Fragrant Angel) is a showy white-flowered variety, similar to a Shasta Daisy. Echinacea purpurea (Fatal Attraction) is a fragrant pinkish-purple flower that possesses double rays, and Echinacea Coconut Lime produces big blossoms. which are whitish to pale green in color.
The coneflower is known for being attractive to butterflies and is also one of the known deer-resistant plants. If blossoms are left to go to seed, the seeds will attract birds.
- Coneflower, National Gardening Association
Coneflower, Echinacea, Black Sampson
About this Author
Katelyn Lynn has been writing health and wellness articles since 2007. Her work appears on various websites. Lynn is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular medicine and preventative modalities. She is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in health sciences from TUI University and has extensive experience in botany and horticulture.