Flowering Dogwood Information


Flowering dogwood is a popular ornamental tree among landscapers. It produces beautiful flowers by the middle of spring as well as the red fruit and leaves that show off the species in autumn.

Pink flowering dogwood image by "Dogwood: Dream Sequence" is Copyrighted by Flickr user: di_the_huntress (Diana) under the Creative Commons Attribution license.


Flowering dogwood is a native to the Eastern region of the United States, growing in the wild from Massachusetts southwards to the northern part of Florida. Its range goes west as far asTexas and Kansas in the South, and the Great Lakes in the North.


The size of a flowering dogwood varies, with those that have access to moist fertile soil capable of growing to heights of 40 feet. Those in less than optimal conditions rarely exceed 20 feet high.


The flowers of this tree have four bracts, a term botanists use to describe modified leaves that closely resemble flower petals. These bracts have notches at the tips and in the wild are always white, while hybrid species used for ornamental purposes can be pink or red.


The buds of a flowering dogwood in the winter are large and flattened. They exist at the very end of the twig and allow for identification of the species.


The leaves of flowering dogwood are opposite on the twig and about 3 to 6 inches long with a width up to 2 inches. They are green but can turn a brilliant crimson color in the autumn before falling to the ground in winter.


  • Flowering Dogwood:Ohio Department of Natural Resources Website
  • A Guide to Field Identification-Trees of North America; C. Frank Brockman;1986
Keywords: flowering dogwood tree, botanists term bracts, opposite leaves

About this Author

John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years.