How to Plant Peonies From Seeds


Peonies are perennial flowers bloom as a light pink a lavender color. Growing peonies is a simple process once you fully germinate the seeds. If you don't want to go through the trouble of germinating the seeds in your home you can purchase peony seedling from your local nursery. Peonies can also clump together in a garden, so it's important to divide and transplant the plants to other areas of your garden as needed. The best time to start planting your peonies is in early October in order to have healthy growth of flowers within a year.

Step 1

Place seeds in a sealable plastic bag with soil-less germination mix. You can purchase the seeds and the mix at your local garden store. Place the bag above your refrigerator and wait for up 2 weeks or until the roots begin to appear.

Step 2

Move the bag to a cool location that is around 40 degrees in temperature once the roots are at least 1-inch long (see References). Leave the seeds in this cool area for at least 10 weeks for the seeds to germinate.

Step 3

Dig a hole that is 1/4 inch deep in your garden and insert the plants. Make sure the holes are at least 1 inch apart if you plant more than one. Fill the hole with the soil you dug up and pack it down tightly.

Step 4

Water the soil with a 1/2 cup of water. Continuing watering the soil once each day or when the soil is extremely dry. Make sure to never flood the soil and only water enough so that the soil is moist at least 1/2 inch deep.

Step 5

Cut down and remove any leaves during the winter that become affected from frost using scissors. Also, add a 1/4 inch layer of mulch in late fall before that plant becomes dormant.

Things You'll Need

  • Plastic bag
  • Germination mix
  • 1/2 cup water
  • Scissors


  • How to Propagate Peonies
  • Peony Care - How to Grow
  • Geminating Peony Seeds
Keywords: perrenials, peony flowers, fall flowers

About this Author

Greg Lindberg is a graduate of Purdue University with a Bachelor of Liberal Arts degree in creative writing. His professional writing experience includes three years of technical writing for an agriculture IT department and a major pharmaceutical company, as well as four years as staff writer for a music and film webzine.