Peony Flower Facts


The peony is a perennial flower. The majority of peony flowers are hybrids, classified as deciduous tree peonies or herbaceous peonies. The flowers on both varieties come in a wide assortment of hues and colors, including pink, red and pure white.

A cream colored double Peony image by "Peony in the Window" is Copyrighted by Flickr user: *clairity* (Sharon Mollerus) under the Creative Commons Attribution license.


The peony is a showy, frilly and fragrant flower that comes in single or double varieties. The plants are thickly leaved and have large, deep green leaves. The peony possesses a tuberous root system.


Herbaceous peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall. Flowers as wide 10 inches sit on long, sturdy stems, which make for fine floral arrangements. The tree peony is a deciduous shrub that grows 4 to 6 feet tall with flowers up to 1 foot in diameter.


The herbaceous peony prefers plenty of water, full sun and fertile soil with organic material. The tree peony is extremely tolerant of cold and prefers soil that has been enriched with peat moss.


Grown mainly as a decorative plant, the peony also has potential medicinal benefits. According to the journal Experimental Neurology, peony root has shown to be effective in treating neuron damage.

Fun Fact

The peony grows wild in many regions of Europe. The Romans introduced it to England around the year 1200.


  • Science Direct
  • American Peony Society

Who Can Help

  • History of the peony
Keywords: peony flower, paeoniaceae, herbaceous peony

About this Author

Katelyn Lynn has been writing health and wellness articles since 2007. Her work appears on various websites. Lynn is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular medicine and preventative modalities. She is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in health sciences from TUI University and has extensive experience in botany and horticulture.