How to Plant a Bamboo Garden


A bamboo garden is a great addition to any garden. Bamboo not only grows in lush tropical groves, but there are many temperate varieties as well. In fact, there are so many varieties of bamboo, more than 1,200 in total, that they cover a range in USDA zones from about zone 4 to zone 11. No matter where you live, you can probably find a variety of bamboo that will thrive in your yard. It is also easy to plant a bamboo garden.

Step 1

Choose a variety of bamboo to grow in your bamboo garden. For best results, choose a variety that thrives in your USDA zone. There are many types of bamboo to choose from, in size and color, so take that into account as well. Some bamboo can grow 70 feet tall, while others are only 6 inches tall. Bamboo comes in a range of colors, from green to gold to red and even black.

Step 2

Choose a place to plant your bamboo garden. Some bamboo likes full sun while other varieties prefer partial shade. Keep the variety of bamboo you are growing in mind when choosing a spot. Most bamboo thrives in loamy, well-drained soil. Soil can be neutral to slightly acidic.

Step 3

Improve your soil. Add a thick layer of compost or manure to give your bamboo garden a head start. Work the compost or manure into a depth of about 4 to 5 inches. Add lime if your soil is too acidic.

Step 4

Plant your bamboo garden. If you live in a cold climate, plant bamboo in the early spring after the last frost. If you live in a mild climate, bamboo can be planted at any time. Dig holes for your bamboo as deep as the gallons it came in, about 2 feet deep and 2 feet in diameter. Space each bamboo plant 3 to 5 feet apart. Place the bamboo in the hole and cover it with soil firmly.

Step 5

Water your bamboo deeply, about 5 to 10 minutes every other day. Bamboo grows naturally in very humid climates and needs moist soil in which to thrive.

Step 6

Apply mulch over the ground around the bamboo. Make sure the mulch is about 4 to 5 inches deep. Once the bamboo is established and sheds its leaves, you can leave those on the ground to act as a natural mulch.

Tips and Warnings

  • Bamboo can be invasive. To prevent this, place 30-inch-deep rhizomes barriers around the area you want to keep your bamboo garden restricted to.

Things You'll Need

  • Compost or manure
  • Shovel
  • Mulch


  • Bamboo Gardens
  • Growing and Maintaining Bamboo

Who Can Help

  • Bamboo Varieties
Keywords: plant a bamboo garden, bamboo garden, bamboo

About this Author

Hollan Johnson is a freelance writer and contributing editor for many online publications. She has been writing professionally since 2008 and her interests are travel, gardening, sewing and Mac computers. Prior to freelance writing, Johnson taught English in Japan. She has a Bachelor of Arts in linguistics from the University of Las Vegas, Nevada.