Pear trees make a beautiful ornament and grow delicious fruit. To properly propagate your pear tree, begin by growing a tree from seed and graft a cutting from your original tree to your new tree. It will then produce the same fruit of the old tree from the new tree’s roots.
Growing a New Tree
Take as many as possible to ensure a successful germination . Immerse the seeds in a bucket of water and throw out any seeds that float, as they are not viable. Keep the seeds that sink and soak them in water for one day.
Poke holes in plastic bags and fill then with a 1:1 mixture of peat moss and potting soil. Cover the seeds in the soil and moisten the bags. Store the bags in the coldest, darkest area of your refrigerator. It will take 2 to 4 months for the seeds germinate. Always keep the soil moist.
Check the seedlings routinely and watch for sprouting. After the seeds sprout, plant them 1/2 inch deep in their permanent location immediately.
Keep the soil moist and wait until the seedling reaches 1 to 2 feet in height.
Select scions, or dormant twigs, from your existing tree during late winter. Cut the twigs until they are 8 to 12 inches in length. Store these cuttings in an air-tight bag if you need to. It is best to use the cuttings as soon as they are removed from the tree.
Using a small knife, cut an upside down "T" approximately six inches above the ground on your new sapling.
Cut a small bud from one of your scions as if you were shaving the bud from the tree. Do not touch the fresh underside of the bud. Only hold the bud by its tail.
Lift the bark over the "T" cutting on your sapling and gently push the cut bud underneath it. Wrap the bud and cut with electrician's tape. Wrap two to three times below the cut, two to three times above the cut and gently cover the exposed bud once. After two weeks, remove the tape and view the bud. If it is green, the grafting was a success.
Make a cut in the sapling one inch above the grafted bud. Cut 2/3 of the ways through the sapling and gently push the top towards the ground. This will encourage the bud to grow quicker. Once the bud grows 3 to 4 inches, sever the top of the sapling and allow the bud to become the main trunk. Remove any buds that grow on the sapling. Care for the tree as you did with the older one.