How to Grow Seedless Fruit

Overview

Growing seedless fruit can be accomplished by taking root cuttings from other healthy fruit trees or plants. Take hardwood cuttings from fruit trees in the fall and plant them in the yard or garden in the spring. Propagating and growing seedless fruit is not difficult, but take several cuttings because not all of them will root. With patience and a little tender loving care, your seedless fruit cuttings will grow into bountiful fruit plants.

Step 1

Prepare five-inch plastic pots for each cutting, and fill the pots ¾ full with perlite or a 50/50 blend of sand and peat moss. Soak the mixture with water. Let the excess water drain away. Insert a pencil about two inches into the center of the mixture.

Step 2

Cut several 12-inch long stems of this year's growth from a healthy fruit tree. Make sure to use a sharp knife to ensure a clean cut. Make a straight cut just below the base of a leaf or bud. Snip off the top of each cutting at a 30-degree angle away from a leaf or a bud, leaving a nine-inch cutting. Trim away all of the leaves, buds and thorns from the cutting.

Step 3

Dip the base of the cutting in Rootone or other rooting stimulator. Tap off the excess powder and carefully insert the base of the cutting into the sand and peat moss mixture. Don't knock away any of the rooting compound.

Step 4

Brush the planting medium gently around the bottom of the cutting, and press the mixture around the cutting with your fingertips so that it is standing securely in the growing medium. Cover the cutting with a clear plastic cup to help keep the humidity level high. Keep the growing medium moist.

Step 5

Keep the cuttings in a warm environment, 65 to 75 degrees, and make sure they receive at least eight hours of light daily from a grow light or the sun. Propagation will vary, depending on the type of seedless fruit you are growing. As your cuttings begin to grow, transfer them into a larger pot with the appropriate potting soil.

Step 6

Select a sunny location and prepare the soil before you plant the fruit tree. Check the pH levels of the soil and adjust as necessary. You can add lime to increase the alkalinity of your soil, or add sulphate to increase the acidity.

Step 7

Plant your fruit tree in the spring after all chance of frost has passed. Dig a hole that is twice as wide as the root ball on your seedless fruit tree and only as deep as it was growing in the pot. Fill in around the root ball with soil, and add a three-inch layer of organic mulch for water retention. Fruit trees grow best with at least one inch of water each week.

Things You'll Need

  • Small plastic pot & pencil
  • Perlite or sand & peat moss
  • Rootone
  • Clear plastic cup
  • Healthy fruit tree
  • Sharp knife
  • Grow light
  • Potting soil
  • Soil test kit
  • Shovel

References

  • Growing Seedless Fruit

Who Can Help

  • How to Take Hardwood Cuttings
Keywords: growing seedless fruit, rooting seedless fruit, planting seedless fruit

About this Author

Katherine Kally is a freelance writer specializing in eco-friendly home-improvement projects, practical craft ideas and cost-effective decorating solutions. Kally's work has been featured on sites across the Web. She holds a Bachelor of Science in psychology from the University of South Carolina and is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists.