Native to Europe and Asia, plum trees grow throughout the United States. Plum trees belong to the genus Prunus, and the most common varieties grown in this country are European (Prunus domestica) and Japanese (Prunus triflora).
Plum trees are fast-growing. They can produce fruit in as few as three to five years after planting.
Plum trees live between 15 and 20 years. They reach full production in 10 years.
Plums require loamy, well-drained soil that will retain moisture during the growing season. A thick layer of mulch helps reduce water loss.
Plum trees prefer a neutral pH. Fertilize in early spring with a 10-10-10 fertilizer.
Plum tree wood is brittle, and the branches may break when laden with fruit. Thin the fruit or stake heavy branches for extra support.
Some types of plum trees self-pollinate, but other do not. For the best fruit production, plant more than one variety.
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Moira Clune is a freelance writer who since 1991 has been writing sales and promotional materials for her own and other small businesses. In addition, she has published articles on VetInfo and various other websites. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from Hartwick College.