How to Prune White Fir

Overview

A White Fir is beautiful evergreen sometimes called the Concolor Fir. Concolor is in reference to its uniform color. The 1 ½ to 2 ½ inch long needles (longest needles of the fir family) are a pale blue green color. It can grow to a height of 35 to 40 feet and a width of 15 to 30 feet. The white fir makes a wonderful specimen tree in your landscape design. This evergreen requires very little pruning. You may have to remove damaged branches on occasion or perhaps promote a new leader due to loss of the original leader of the tree. Never prune the lower branches of the white fir as this will destroy its natural form.

Step 1

Prune away any damaged branches as soon as possible. Make a clean cut and do not leave a stub. Clean cuts ensure that the wound will heal properly. The tool that you use will depend upon the size and location of the branch.

Step 2

Choose one leader for the tree when there are multiple leaders present. Leaders can be broken off; when a leader is broken off several leaders will begin to grow.

Step 3

Cut away the other leaders. Correcting a problem of multiple leaders is the only time that you would prune a leader.

Tips and Warnings

  • If any damaged branches are close to electrical wires you should not attempt to prune them, this should be done by the electric company.

Things You'll Need

  • Hand pruning shears
  • Lopping shears
  • Pole pruner
  • Tree saw

References

  • John's Nursery, Inc.
  • Tree Help
  • Blue Planet Biomes
Keywords: white fir prune, leader leaders multiple, clean cut stub

About this Author

Paula M. Ezop’s inspirational column "Following the Spiritual Soul" appeared in "Oconee Today," a Scripps Howard publication. She has published her first book, "SPIRITUALITY for Mommies," and her children's chapter book, "The Adventures of Penelope Star," will be published by Wiggles Press. Ezop has a Bachelor of Arts degree from Northeastern Illinois University and has been writing for 10 years.