How to Plant a Dwarf Fig Tree in a Pot

Overview

Dwarf fig trees grow to only six feet and take to container planting very well. The glossy leaves are dark green, about six inches long and lobed. Legend has it that fig leaves were the first clothing in the Garden of Eden. The tree bears two crops a year, the first on year-old wood in mid-summer and the second on new wood about six weeks later. Figs are not true fruits, but are considered syconium, which means that the flowers of the fig tree are encased in an edible stem portion. Figs are sweet and taste somewhat like a cross between raspberries and oranges. The tree is self-fertilizing, and you can plant a dwarf fig tree in a pot to grow it indoors.

Step 1

Place the pot where it gets eight hours of direct sunlight. Pots filled with soil are heavy, so plant the tree in the pot in its permanent place. Figs need warm weather to ripen and they don't continue to ripen off the tree. If your temperatures are on the cooler side, put the plant in a protected location against a wall, or the house, where the retained heat will keep it a bit warmer. Place the pot feet under the pot to get it off the ground.

Step 2

Place the coffee liner over the drainage holes on the inside of the pot so the water can escape but the soil can't.

Step 3

Fill the pot about halfway with potting soil. Don't use garden dirt, which compacts easily, dries out more quickly and can carry diseases and fungus. Add about half the amount of fertilizer per package directions and mix in thoroughly. Water to settle the soil.

Step 4

Remove the dwarf fig tree from its nursery pot. Check the root ball for matted roots and gently nudge them out. Place the tree in its new pot and fill with soil about three-fourths of the way up the root ball. Sprinkle about one-fourth of the recommended amount of fertilizer over the soil, and then fill the rest of the pot with soil.

Step 5

Water again.

Tips and Warnings

  • In cold winter areas, you must protect the plant from having its roots freeze in the pot. Some varieties of figs are hardy to 10 degrees but need to be in the ground to survive.

Things You'll Need

  • Dwarf fig tree
  • Pot about 6 inches bigger in diameter than the current pot
  • Potting soil
  • Pot feet
  • Coffee filters
  • Fertilizer

References

  • "Fresh Food from Small Spaces: The Square-Inch Gardener's Guide to Year-Round Growing, Fermenting, and Sprouting;" R.J. Ruppenthal; 2008
  • About Fig Trees

Who Can Help

  • Planting Fig Trees
Keywords: dwarf fig trees, fig tree in a pot, how to plant

About this Author

Katie Rosehill's first book was published in 2000. Since then she has written additional books as well as screenplays, website content and e-books. Her articles have appeared on various websites. Rosehill holds a Master of Business Administration from Arizona State University. Her articles specialize in personal finance, weddings and gardening.