Most plants can reproduce in more than one way. One way that plants can reproduce asexually is through cuttings of a mature plant. These cuttings when planted will form roots and create a new daughter plant. Most flowers and plants can reproduce through cuttings. For gardeners, it is a faster way to produce new plants than starting from a seed and it is more economical than buying a new plant from a nursery.
Select a plant to take a cutting from. It should be growing vigorously and not be in its slow cycle. Usually, this is in the summer months.
Use sharp pruning shears or a sharp knife to take your cutting at a 45-degree angle. Choose a section of new growth, preferably one without a flower. Your cutting should include several leaves and should be about 2 to 6 inches long, cutting a longer length for larger plants and a shorter length for smaller plants.
Remove most of the leaves and any flowers from the cutting. Leave a few leaves only at the top of the cutting.
Dip the cut end in rooting hormone, if desired, to increase the likelihood that the cutting will grow roots.
Place rooting medium in a pot and insert the lower part of the cutting into the medium. At least one node (the part of the plant where leaves shoot out) needs to be covered by the medium, as this is where the roots will spring from.
Cover the whole pot and plant with a plastic bag. Seal it or rubber-band it into place. This will keep in the moisture.
Place in a sunlit area.